The Ringelmann effect is the tendency for individual members of a group to become less productive as group size increases. Over eighty studies confirm its existence.
In one study, one third of participants failed to match the bars when influenced by two other team mates. People are social creatures that seek to belong.
To counter, dissuade free riding and shirking responsibility by creating a non-threatening environment for constructive feedback. Have someone play devils advocate.
Build groups with diverse view points and complementary skill sets to maximize productivity.
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